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born: January 19, 1925 in Kenner, Louisiana
Henry Gray & The Cats - Key To The Highway
Henry Gray was born on January 19, 1925 in Kenner, Louisiana, an outskirt of New Orleans. Within a few years his family moved to a small farm in Alsen, Louisiana a few miles north of Baton Rouge. It was here that Gray began to demonstrate his talent on the piano at the age of eight. He was exposed to the piano through church, the radio and records, and an elderly woman in his neighborhood, Mrs. White. She recognized Henry's interest and gave him lessons. He began playing piano and organ in the local church. Eventually, Henry's family acquired a piano in their home. Yet, as with many families, the blues was not allowed to be played on the piano at home, so Henry had to sneak around and play the blues where he could. Fortunately, Mrs. White encouraged Henry to play the blues at her house.
At the age of sixteen, Henry was asked to play with a band at a club near his home in Alsen. He gathered the courage to tell his father. To Henry's surprise, his father agreed, but only if Henry was accompanied by his father. Henry played the gig and made some money. As Henry tells it, "When my father saw that I could make money playing the blues, he liked that all right!" It was this event, that gave birth to Henry Gray's remarkable sixty year career in the history of the Blues.
Henry served several years in the army during World War II in the south Pacific. On a many of occasions, Henry entertained troops with a piano and his singing. He fondly recalls those moments as they were breaks from the stress of being a war-time soldier. Shortly before the war was over, Henry was given a medical discharge from the army. He returned to his family's home in Alsen for a short period before leaving to go to Chicago where he had relatives.
Soon after arriving in Chicago in 1946, Henry began frequenting the clubs and joints checking out the piano players and measuring his skills and talents with theirs. At times, he would sit in a play in some of the places. While doing this, Henry caught the eyes and ears of Big Maceo Merriwether, who is considered one of the best blues and barrel house piano players in history. Maceo was born in Detroit but had moved to Chicago to make money playing the piano. Merriwether mentored Henry and showed him the ropes in the blues scene in Chicago. It wasn't long before Henry was being sought after for his abilities. For the next twenty-two years, Henry played and/or recorded with many notable players and innovators of the blues.
In 1956, Howlin' Wolf asked Henry to join his band. Henry did and remained Wolf's main piano player until 1968. This is evidenced on many of Wolf's recording during this time. During the fifties and sixties, Chess records employed Henry many times as side man on their recordings. Also, he can be heard on many of J. D. Miller's Louisiana Excello blues recordings in the fifties and sixties. The following is a list of blues artists that Henry has worked and/or recorded with in his career: Robert Lockwood jr., Billy Boy Arnold, Morris Pejoe, Muddy Waters, Johnny Shines, Abe Locke, Hubert Sumlin, Lazy Lester, "Little" Walter Jacobs, Sonny Boy Williamson (Rice Miller), "Homesick" James, Jimmy Reed (including a Carnegie Hall concert), Jimmy Rogers, Elmore James (with him the night he died), "Snooky" Pryor, Koko Taylor, Otis Rush, "Little" Milton, James Cotton, Buddy Guy, Raful Neal, Kenny Neal, Taj Mahal, BB King, Tabby Thomas, Larry Garner, Moses "Whisperin" Smith, Silas Hogan, Guitar Kelly, Washboard Sam, and Guitar Slim. This list in not complete but it gives one the idea of the prolific and vital history of Henry's accomplishments. Henry left Wolf's band and Chicago in 1968 to return to Alsen, due to the death of his father and to assist his mother with a family fish market business.
Since 1968, many have wondered what Henry has been doing. He worked with the East Baton Rouge Parish School Board as roofer for nearly fifteen years before retiring, helped raise a family with his wife Rivers Gray for the last thirty years, and remained active as a musician in a number of ways.
During the last thirty years, Henry has been performed at virtually all New Orleans Jazz Festivals, two Chicago Blues festivals (1987 & (1989), the Montreal Jazz Fest (1988), nearly every Baton Rouge Blues Festival since its inception, the San Francisco Blues Festival, Memphis's W.C. Handy Blues Festival Blues Festival, several Festival Internationals (Lafayette, Louisiana), the Mississippi Valley Blues Festival, the King Biscuit festival (Helena, Arkansas), and many other festivals around the United States.
Also, Henry has travelled to Europe to play festivals and concerts regularly during this time. He is on several European releases with several bands. Henry can be found playing occassionally at Blind Willies in Atlanta, Georgia, the Rhythm Room in Phoenix, Arizona, Tabby's Thomas' Blues Box and Abe's Barbecue in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. In 1988, Blind Pig Records released Henry's first stateside feature LP entitled "Lucky Man."
More recently, Henry received a Grammy nomination for his work on TelArc Records' 1998 release "A Tribute to Howlin' Wolf". Also, Mick Jagger and the Rolling Stones paid homage to Henry by having him play at Jagger's 55th birthday bash in Paris in '98 along with a few other blues legends. In the summer of '99, Henry joined Marva Wright and her band for a 30-day Louisiana music European tour produced by Blue House Records. Finally, Henry Gray and the Cats will continue "keepin' the blues alive" according to God's plan. Support the blues! Peace.
THIS IS STILL UNDER CONSTRUCTION - I WILL ADD MORE ALBUMS LATER ON!
- Lucky Man [Blind Pig 2788, 1988] with Willie "Big Eyes" Smith
- Watch Yourself [Lucky Cat 1002, 2001]
- Henry Gray Plays Chicago Blues [HighTone 8131, February 2001] with Bob Margolin, Kid Ramos
- Henry Gray and the Cats: Live In Paris [Lucky Cat 1004, 2004]
Henry Gray & The Cats:
- Blues Won't Let Me Take My Rest  live album with Sonny Landreth, Martin Simpson
Henry Gray & Short Fuse:
- Don't Start That Stuff [Last Call 422468, May 2000]
Henry Gray & Rudi Richard:
- Louisiana Swamp Blues, Vol. 2 [Wolf 120923, 1990] with T-Bone Singleton
Henry Gray & Cousin Joe:
- The Blues of Henry Gray & Cousin Joe [Storyville 8053, September 2004]
He appears on the following albums:
Jimmy Reed - I'm Jimmy Reed [Vee-Jay 1004, 1959]
Jimmy Reed - Found Love [Vee-Jay 1022, 1960]
Jimmy Reed - Jimmy Reed at Carnegie Hall [Vee-Jay 1035, 1961]
Jimmy Reed - The Best of Jimmy Reed [Vee-Jay 1039, 1961]
Howlin' Wolf - The Rockin' Chair Album [Vogue 600111, 1962]
Jimmy Reed - Boss Man of the Blues [Vee-Jay 1080, 1964]
Junior Wells - Hoodoo Man Blues [Delmark 612, 1965]
Howlin' Wolf - More Real Folk Blues [MCA/Chess LPS-1512, 1967]
Howlin' Wolf - Goin' Back Home [Syndicate 003, 1970]
Junior Wells - In My Younger Days [Red Lightnin' 007, 1971]
Billy Boy Arnold - Blow The Back Off It [Red Lightnin' 12, 1975] 1953-'57 recordings
Howlin' Wolf - Change My Way [Chess CHV-418, 1975]
Jimmy Rogers - Chicago Bound [Chess 93000, 1976]
Harold Burrage - She Knocks Me Out! [Flyright 579, 1981] 1956-'58 recordings
Howlin' Wolf - Howlin' Wolf / Moanin' In The Moonlight [MCA/Chess 5908, 1986]
Willie Dixon - The Chess Box [MCA/Chess 16500, 1988] 2 CD set
Howlin' Wolf - Ain't Gonna Be Your Dog [Chess 9349, 1994] 2 CD set
Jimmy Rogers - Complete Chess Recordings (Chess 50th Anniversary) [Chess 9372, April 1997] 2 CD set
Various Artists - Blind Pig Records: 20th Anniversary Collection [Blind Pig 2001, April 1997] 2 CD set
Howlin' Wolf - His Best (Chess 50th Anniversary Collection) [Chess 9375, April 1997]
Tab Benoit - Live: Swampland Jam [Justice 1204, September 1997]
Various Artists - Wolf Tracks: A Tribute to Howlin' Wolf [Telarc 83427, May 1998]
Howlin' Wolf - His Best, Vol.2 [Chess 12026, July 1999]
Various Artists - A Salute to the Chicago Blues Masters [Telarc 83492, November 2000] 3 CD Box set
Jimmy Rogers - His Best [MCA Chess 69402, September 2003]
Various Artists - American Music: The Hightone Records Story [Hightone 8195, September 2006] 4 CD Box set
Kenny Wayne Shepherd - 10 Days Out (Blues from the Backroads) [Reprise 49294, January 2007]
U.K. visitors looking for Henry Gray albums? - Canadian visitors looking for Henry Gray albums?
Henry Gray and the Cats: Live In Paris [Lucky Cat 1001, 2004]
Looking for Henry Gray sheetmusic?
Visit Henry Gray's Website
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